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Mandate Thematic Reports

Racial and xenophobic discrimination, emerging digital technologies, and border and immigration enforcement (2020)

Brief Summary

Continuing the analysis in Racial discrimination and emerging digital technologies: A human rights analysis (A/HRC/44/57), this report focuses on the border and immigration enforcement context where digital technologies are deployed. Governments and international organisations, including UN agencies, are developing and using digital border technologies in ways that are uniquely experimental, dangerous, and discriminatory, subjecting refugees, migrants, stateless persons and related groups to human rights violations.

人種差別と新興デジタル技術 人権面の分析 (2020)


This is an unofficial Japanese translation of the report, Racial discrimination and emerging digital technologies: A Human Rights Analysis (A/HRC/44/57). Translation was provided by the International Movement Against all forms of Discrimination and Racism (IMADR).

Racial discrimination and emerging digital technologies: A Human Rights Analysis (2020)

Brief Summary

This report calls attention to different forms of racial discrimination in the design and use of emerging digital technologies, largely networked and predictive technologies driven by big data and artificial intelligence (“AI”). It brings racial equality and non-discrimination principles, codified in all core human rights treaties, to bear on the structural and institutional ways in which such technologies disparately impact people on the basis of their race, ethnicity and religion in combination with gender, disability status and other grounds.

Reparations for Racial Discrimination Rooted in Colonialism and Slavery (2019)

Brief Summary

My report (A/74/321) addresses the need for States to recognise their obligations to provide reparations for racial discrimination rooted in slavery and colonialism. Reparations for slavery and colonialism concern not only justice and accountability for historic wrongs, but also the eradication of persisting structures of racial inequality and discrimination that have resulted from the failure to redress the racism of slavery and colonialism. Reparations implicate accountability for individual and collective wrongful acts, but, beyond that, the project of reparations is about reforming entire legal, economic, social and political structures that slavery and colonialism enabled and that, as the Durban Declaration notes, continue to sustain racial discrimination and inequality today.

Global Extractivism and Racial Equality (2019)

Brief Summary

In the present report, the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, Tendayi Achiume, addresses the issue of racial equality and extractivism, explaining the pitfalls of an ahistorical, “colourblind” approach to the issue. She explains why the racial equality and non-discrimination obligations enshrined in the international human rights framework must be central to reform, regulation and evaluation of the extractivism economy. She develops (a) a structural racial equality analysis at a global level that highlights the racially subordinating effects of unequal distribution of power among States and between such States and transnational corporations; and (b) a more localized racial equality analysis at the national level that underlines the racially discriminatory human rights violations experienced by communities living directly on or close to territories of extraction. Finally, she formulates recommendations addressed to all stakeholders to ensure human rights protection in the extractivism economy, especially in tackling global structural racial inequality, which is rooted in persisting sovereign inequality.

The threat nationalist populism poses to the enjoyment of human rights and racial equality (2018)

Brief Summary

The report analyses the threat posed by nationalist populism to the fundamental human rights principles of non-discrimination and equality. The focus of the report is ascendant nationalist populist ideologies and strategies that pose a sobering threat to racial equality by fuelling discrimination, intolerance and the creation of institutions and structures that will have enduring legacies of racial exclusion. The report condemns nationalist populism that advances exclusionary or repressive practices and policies that harm individuals or groups on the basis of their race, ethnicity, national origin and religion, including in combination with gender, sexual orientation, disability status, migratory status or other related social categories.

Racial discrimination in the context of laws, policies and practices concerning citizenship, nationality and immigration (2018)

Brief Summary

The Special Rapporteur analyses the challenges linked to combatting racism, xenophobia and discrimination in the current counter-terrorism context. First, he discusses the various manifestations of racism, racial discrimination and xenophobia emerging from State counter-terrorism measures as well as the human rights implications of such practices for affected communities. The Special Rapporteur then provides an overview of relevant international, regional and national norms prohibiting racism and xenophobia, especially in the context of countering terrorism. Drawing from an expert meeting he convened on this topic, the Special Rapporteur examines key legal, policy and institutional measures taken by relevant stakeholders and highlights some examples of good practices in combatting racism, xenophobia and discrimination while countering terrorism.

Resolution-Based Reports on combatting the glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism and other practices that contribute to fuelling contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.

Regarding implementation of General Assembly Resolution 73/517, including the need to combat the resurgence of antisemitism in the context of neo-Nazi and related intolerance, as well as alarming trends of anti-Semitic violence, hate crimes, hate speech and other incidents. (2019)

A human rights analysis of efforts by contemporary Nazi, neo-Nazi and other extremist groups to recruit and radicalize young people (2019)

The contemporary use of digital technology in the spread of neo-Nazism and related intolerance, and human rights law obligations requiring States and technology companies to counter such extreme ideologies online (2018)

The contemporary resurgence and spread of support for neo-Nazi ideologies in different parts of the world, and the serious threat these ideologies pose to Jews, Muslims, people of African descent, Roma, indigenous peoples, women, racial and ethnic minorities, gender and sexually diverse populations, and persons with disabilities (2018)

Reports by Past Mandate-Holders

How to contact the Special Rapporteur

E. Tendayi Achiume
Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

Palais des Nations
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Fax: +41 22 917 9006

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